Practical life activities enable the child to perfect the skills of daily living, so that he may adapt to his society. Performing these activities to care for himself and his environment, helps the child to grow more independent, develop fine and gross motor skills, social skills, confidence, concentration, grace and courtesy and give him pride in his work.
The young child takes in impressions of his environment through his senses, which serve as scouts for his intelligence. The scientifically designed apparatus covers wide range of, exercises to help the child to sort, match, compare, grade objects by size, touch, taste and sound. The early sensorial impressions boost the child’s power of observation to a very great extent and contribute to their later understanding of formal educational concepts. The materials are self correcting, so the children become comfortable with the fact that errors are essential in the process of learning.
The children gain concrete experience of numbers, quantities and mathematical operations. Gradually the children are led from the material like the Number Rods, Spindle Boxes, and Decimal Beads to abstract concepts.
Language materials are based on a carefully structured Phonic approach to writing and reading. The children are indirectly prepared for writing and reading from the time they enter the Montessori environment. Verbal group activities are offered to the child to enrich vocabulary. The Sandpaper sounds with their symbols. The activities with the brightly coloured Grammar Symbols help the children appreciate the functions of words and sentence patterns in the language. The language materials are constantly revised and updated by the adults and maintained in good order.
Insatiable at this age is the child’s thirst for words and inexhaustible his capacity for learning them
The child’s absorbent mind finds all the arts and sciences brought into being by man fascinating. Materials are designed keeping the child’s need for order, sensorial stimulation and language in mind, and are made available to the child to help him understand and appreciate geography, botany, painting, music , history, physics . . . the list is endless.
The Montessori environment is created for the child. Here the child finds that he can operate everything on his own. The furniture is designed proportionate to his size, for his needs. All the furniture, attractive and easy to handle, invites the child to maintain the beauty and cleanliness of his environment.
The Montessori approach to education is based on developmental principles and emphasizes the responsibility of adults to help the child actualize his inner potential. Dr. Montessori viewed education as an aid to life, which ideally begins at birth and continues throughout the course of development. This assistantial approach therefore, is a universal one, tested by time and has found successful application on five continents.
The greatest sign of success for a teacher… is to be able to say,
“The children are now working as if I did not exist.”
Free the child’s potential, and you will transform him into the world.
Never help a child with a task at which he feels he can succeed.
These words reveal the child’s inner needs: “Help me to do it alone.